Sept. Bekannt durch seinen deutschsprachigen Stream und seine eigenen Turniere, heißen wir The Enclase herzlich willkommen. Enclase wird sich. Flying Enclasetheenclase 1 year ago. Wo ist meine Angel?theenclase 1 year ago. (Legend) Earlyclase - Vorbereitung für Deckroulette morgen. Wir Wombats haben uns dazu entschieden gegen unseren König, sogenannt " the Enclase" zu meutern. Wir sehen es nicht mehr ein uns Woche für Woche.
This was also so during the appeal against the conviction. The court was first convened in , and the land returned to the Netherlands in True exclave is an extension of the concept of true enclave.
In order to access a true exclave from the mainland, a traveller must go through the territory of at least one other state.
Semi-enclaves and semi-exclaves are areas that, except for possessing an unsurrounded sea border, would otherwise be enclaves or exclaves.
Vinokurov declares, "Technically, Portugal , Denmark , and Canada also border only one foreign state, but they are not enclosed in the geographical, political, or economic sense.
They have vast access to international waters. At the same time, there are states that, although in possession of sea access, are still enclosed by the territories of a foreign state.
Thus a state is classified as a sovereign semi-enclave if it borders on just one state, and its land boundary is longer than its sea coastline. Sometimes, administrative divisions of a country, for historical or practical reasons, caused some areas to belong to one division while being attached to another.
The term pene -exclave was defined in Robinson as "parts of the territory of one country that can be approached conveniently — in particular by wheeled traffic — only through the territory of another country.
Pene-enclaves are also called functional enclaves or practical enclaves. A commonly cited example is the Kleinwalsertal , a valley part of Vorarlberg , Austria, that is only accessible from Germany to the north, being separated from the rest of Austria by high mountains traversed by no roads.
Hence, such areas are enclaves or exclaves for practical purposes , without meeting the strict definition.
Many pene-exclaves partially border the sea or another body of water, which comprises their own territorial waters i. They border their own territorial waters in addition to a land border with another country, and hence they are not true exclaves.
Still, one cannot travel to them on land without going through another country. Attribution of a pene-enclave status to a territory can sometimes be disputed, depending on whether the territory is considered to be practically inaccessible from the mainland or not.
It is possible for an enclave of one country to be completely surrounded by a part of another country that is itself an enclave of the first country.
These enclaves are sometimes called counter-enclaves. An ethnic enclave is a community of an ethnic group inside an area in which another ethnic group predominates.
Ghettos , Little Italys , barrios and Chinatowns are examples. These areas may have a separate language, culture and economic system.
Diplomatic missions, such as embassies and consulates, as well as military bases, are usually exempted from the jurisdiction of the host country, i.
This exemption from the jurisdiction of the host country is defined as extraterritoriality. Areas and buildings enjoying some forms of extraterritoriality are not true enclaves since, in all cases, the host country retains full sovereignty.
In addition to embassies, some other areas enjoy a limited form of extraterritoriality. Most instances are exempt from taxes.
Devoid of permanent residents, formally defined new sovereignty is not warranted or asserted in the examples below. Embassies enjoy many different legal statuses approaching quasi-sovereignty, depending on the agreements reached and in practice upheld from time-to-time by host nations.
Subject to hosts adhering to basic due process of international law , including giving warnings, the enforced reduction of scope of a foreign embassy has always been a possibility, even to the point of expelling the foreign embassy entirely, usually on a breakdown of relations, in reaction to extreme actions such as espionage , or as another form of sanction.
The same seems to be possible in profit-driven moving or drilling under any of the sites below, providing safeguards as the structure or a new replacement site.
The same possible curtailments and alterations never apply to proper exclaves. Changes in borders can make a railway that was previously located solely within a country traverse the new borders.
Since diverting a railway is expensive, this arrangement may last a long time. This may mean that doors on passenger trains are locked and guarded to prevent illicit entry and exit while the train is temporarily in another country.
Borders can also be in the "wrong" place, forcing railways into difficult terrain. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Enclave disambiguation.
List of enclaves and exclaves. Explicative diagram of territorial discontinuities: Different territories countries, states, counties, municipalities, etc.
A1 and A2 are not enclaves: In topological terms, A and E are each sets of non-connected surfaces , and B, C and D are connected surfaces.
However, C and D are also simply connected surfaces , while B is not it has genus 2 , the number of "holes" in B. Position of Lesotho within South Africa.
List of countries that border only one other country. International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences. The Theory of Enclaves. Lexington Books, Lanham, MD.
Annals of the Association of American Geographers. Archived from the original on The former military base at Camp Zeist in Holland has been under Scottish jurisdiction for more than three years.
The base was converted into a prison and a courtroom to provide the venue for the Lockerbie trial — the largest and most expensive ever conducted under Scots law.
These have virtually the same characteristics as complete enclaves exclaves. Makonnen in Recueil Des Cours, Transfer of Walvis Bay to Namibia Act, Although the Jervis Bay Territory is not part of the Australian Capital Territory, the laws of the ACT apply, in so far as they are applicable and, providing they are not inconsistent with an Ordinance, in the Territory by virtue of the Jervis Bay Acceptance Act Retrieved 17 January Caracas, Distrito Capital, Venezuela: Retrieved October 1, Retrieved October 29, As in almost all examples in this list the parcel remains fully, in jurisdiction, that of the host country.
Retrieved 15 Feb Google docs [unofficial copy]. Kennedy Memorial Act, ". The Modern Law Review. Retrieved 8 August The Best of Maine Railroads.
Retrieved 21 May Retrieved July 7, The Unofficial Minnesota Highways Page. Archived from the original PDF on Retrieved June 20, Malayan Railway land in Singapore".
Retrieved 26 February Designations for types of administrative territorial entities. Join our interest list today! The Enclave at South Coast.
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