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eurosong contest

Welcome to the official Eurovision Song Contest channel on YouTube!. Diese Liste stellt eine Übersicht über die Veranstaltungen des Eurovision Song Contests seit dar. Jg, Veranstaltungsbezeichnung und -ort, Teiln. Sieger. Alle Infos rund um den ESC: Porträts der teilnehmenden Künstler, Gewinner, Platzierungen, Videos und Bilder zum Eurovision Song Contest.

Eurosong Contest Video

Top 10 Best Eurovision Performances

Днепр готов инвестировать полмиллиарда гривен в подготовку города к "Евровидению — " " [Filatov: Dnieper is ready to invest half a billion hryvnia in the preparation of the city for "Eurovision - "] in Russian.

Ukrainian Independent Information Agency. Retrieved 15 July Kharkiv Reveals Planned Venue". Retrieved 22 July Kiev City State Administration.

Retrieved 21 July Retrieved 25 August Retrieved 14 July Heads of Delegation meet in Stockholm". Retrieved 15 March Ukraine broadcaster NTU proposes new dates".

Retrieved 26 June Preliminary dates moved because of Remembrance Day". Retrieved 25 January Retrieved 7 February Retrieved 30 January Meet the hosts of Eurovision ".

Retrieved 27 February Retrieved 22 October Retrieved 30 September Retrieved 30 April Retrieved 9 May Retrieved 28 May Retrieved 31 October Retrieved 13 April Omar Naber to Kyiv".

Retrieved 24 February SunStroke Project to Kyiv". Retrieved 25 February Retrieved 29 October Selects Imri Ziv to Perform at Eurovision ".

Retrieved 14 February Retrieved 31 January Retrieved 31 March Retrieved 11 May Running order for the Grand Final released! Retrieved 17 May Retrieved 14 May Archived from the original on 22 May Retrieved 22 May No return to Eurovision in ".

Retrieved 1 June Withdraws From Eurovision ". Retrieved 28 September Izmirenje duga ili nema prenosa Eura ". Retrieved 25 May Archived from the original on 4 October Retrieved 3 October Retrieved 14 December Retrieved 22 June RTL will not return to Eurovision in ".

TMC will not participate in Eurovision ". Retrieved 19 August Eurovision is an attractive project". RTVS yet to decide on Eurovision ".

RTVS will not participate in Eurovision ". Retrieved 24 October Retrieved 12 May Retrieved 17 October TRT will not participate in Eurovision ".

Retrieved 15 May Will Khabar Agency debut in Eurovision ? Invited to participate in Eurovision ". RTK clarifies false Eurovision news".

Retrieved 16 May EBU state they have not been invited to participate". Retrieved 21 September Retrieved 2 May Retrieved 24 May Retrieved 13 May Retrieved 24 March Retrieved 25 April Retrieved 8 May Archived from the original on 29 March Retrieved 28 March Retrieved 28 April Therefore victorious Sweden, while the rest of the Nordic region flop in Grand Prix].

Retrieved 6 September Amir added to line-up of commentators for Eurovision ". Retrieved 28 February Retrieved 29 March Controversy over Russian singer].

Retrieved 1 April Retrieved 26 January Retrieved 10 October Retrieved 1 May Retrieved 10 May Diego Passoni will comment the semifinals together with Andrea Delogu] in Italian.

Retrieved 4 March Lietuvos Radijas ir Televizija. Retrieved 27 April Archived from the original on 17 May Lia Fiorio and Gigi Restivo also announce the votes].

Retrieved 22 March Retrieved 8 February Retrieved 4 April Retrieved 12 April Retrieved 19 April Retrieved 4 May Radio Ukraine in Ukrainian.

Retrieved 5 May You Decide is back! Retrieved 9 December Hunan Television has Eurovision Broadcasting Rights until ".

Retrieved 16 October KNR to broadcast Eurovision on timeshift". Alma to Sing "Requiem" in Kyiv". Retrieved 17 February Security Service of Ukraine official website.

Ukraine bars Russian singer over Crimea visit". Ukraine bars Russian singer Samoilova from contest". Retrieved 23 March Retrieved 11 May — via Reuters.

Retrieved 8 April The Times of Israel. Retrieved 29 May Per Sundnes Removed As Juror". Delegation considered appealing to perform again".

Archived from the original on 17 October Retrieved 15 June Retrieved 17 June Retrieved 2 April Retrieved 21 May Archived from the original on 23 March Retrieved 18 April Australian Recording Industry Association.

Retrieved 20 May NU — Album Top Uge 20, ". Eurovision Song Contest Kyiv" in Finnish. Retrieved 7 May Lebanon Serbia and Montenegro Yugoslavia.

Eurovision Song Contest Torvald Levina Manel Navarro. Retrieved from " https: Views Read Edit View history.

In other projects Wikimedia Commons. This page was last edited on 22 January , at The Eurovision Song Contest French: Concours Eurovision de la chanson , [1] often simply called Eurovision , is an international song competition held primarily among the member countries of the European Broadcasting Union.

At least 50 countries are eligible to compete as of [update] , [2] and since , Australia has been allowed as a guest entrant. Winning the Eurovision Song Contest often provides a short-term career boost for artists, but rarely results in long-term success.

Since , it has been broadcast online via the Eurovision website. Ireland holds the record for most victories, with seven wins, including four times in five years in , , , and Under the current voting system, in place since , the highest-scoring winner is Salvador Sobral of Portugal who won the contest in Kiev, Ukraine, with points; under the previous system, the highest-scoring winner was Alexander Rybak of Norway with points in As a war-torn Europe was rebuilding itself in the s, the European Broadcasting Union EBU —based in Switzerland—set up an ad hoc committee to search for ways of bringing together the countries of the EBU around a "light entertainment programme".

In those days it was a very ambitious project to join many countries together in a wide-area international network. Satellite television did not exist and the Eurovision Network comprised a terrestrial microwave network.

The first contest was held in the town of Lugano , Switzerland, on 24 May Seven countries participated—each submitting two songs, for a total of This was the only contest in which more than one song per country was performed: The contest was won by the host nation, Switzerland.

The programme was first known as the "Eurovision Grand Prix" in English. The Eurovision network is used to carry many news and sports programmes internationally, among other specialised events organised by the EBU.

The format of the contest has changed over the years, though the basic tenets have always been thus: The programme is hosted by one of the participant countries, and the programme is broadcast from the auditorium in the host city.

The winner receives, simply, the prestige of having won—although it is usual for a trophy to be awarded to the winning songwriters, and the winning country is formally invited to host the event the following year.

The programme is invariably opened by one or more presenters, welcoming viewers to the show. Between the songs and the announcement of the voting, an interval act is performed.

These acts can be any form of entertainment. Interval entertainment has included such acts as the Wombles [21] and the first international performance of Riverdance Usually one Saturday in May is chosen, although the contest has been held on a Tuesday since the two semi-final system was introduced in , on a Thursday in ; and since in the semi-finals [23] and as early as March in Active members are those who are located in states that fall within the European Broadcasting Area , or are member states of the Council of Europe.

If an EBU Active Member wishes to participate they must fulfil conditions as laid down by the rules of the contest. A separate copy is drafted annually.

C1R did enter a song in , which was voted out of the competition at the semi-final. A common misconception is that Eurovision participants have to be from Europe.

The broadcaster must have paid the EBU a participation fee in advance of the deadline specified in the rules of the contest for the year in which they wish to participate.

Eligibility to participate is not determined by geographic inclusion within the continent of Europe, despite the "Euro" in "Eurovision" — nor does it have any relation to the European Union.

Several countries geographically outside the boundaries of Europe have competed: Israel , Cyprus and Armenia in Western Asia Cyprus is a member of the Council of Europe and a member state of the European Union , since , and respectively; Australia in the Australian continent, since [32] and Morocco, in North Africa, in the competition alone.

In addition, several transcontinental countries with only part of their territory in Europe have competed: Turkey, since ; Russia, since ; Georgia, since ; and Azerbaijan, which made its first appearance in the edition.

Fifty-two countries have participated at least once. Most of the expense of the contest is covered by commercial sponsors and contributions from the other participating nations.

The contest is considered to be a unique opportunity for promoting the host country as a tourist destination. In the summer of , Ukraine abolished its normal visa requirement for visitors from the EU to coincide with its hosting of the event.

Preparations for the event start a matter of weeks after the host wins in the previous year, and confirms to the EBU that they intend to—and have the capacity to—host the event.

The smallest town to have been hosts was Millstreet in County Cork , Ireland, in The village had a population of 1, [37] —although the Green Glens Arena venue could hold up to 8, people.

The hotel and press facilities in the vicinity are always a consideration when choosing a host city and venue. After the first two contests were hosted by Switzerland and Germany, it was decided that henceforth the winning country would host the contest the next year.

In all but five of the years since this rule has been in place, the winning country has hosted the show the following year. With the invitation of Australia to participate since , it was announced that due to the logistical and financial issues that would occur if Australia were to host, [42] in the event of an Australian victory, the broadcaster SBS will co-host the next contest in a European city in collaboration with an EBU Member Broadcaster of their choice.

The former generic logo was introduced for the Eurovision Song Contest in Turkey, to create a consistent visual identity. Each year of the contest, the host country creates a sub-theme which is usually accompanied and expressed with a sub-logo and slogan.

The generic logo was revamped in , ten years after the first generic logo was created. The revamped logo was conducted by lead designer Cornelis Jacobs and his team of Cityzen Agency.

Since the contest, slogans have been introduced in the show being the only exception. The slogan is decided by the host broadcaster and is then used to develop a visual design for the contest.

The term "Eurovision Week" is used to refer to the week during which the Contest takes place. In addition to rehearsals in their home countries, every participant is given the opportunity to rehearse on the stage in the Eurovision auditorium.

These rehearsals are held during the course of several days before the Saturday show, and consequently the delegations arrive in the host city many days before the event.

Journalists and fans are also present during the preceding days, and so the events of Eurovision last a lot longer than a few hours of television.

Also present if desired is a commentator: The commentators are given dedicated commentary booths situated around the back of the arena behind the audience.

Since , the first rehearsals have commenced on the Sunday almost two weeks before the Grand Final. There are two rehearsal periods for each country.

The countries taking part in the semi-finals have their first rehearsal over four days from the first Sunday to Wednesday.

The second is from Thursday to Sunday. The countries which have already directly qualified for the Grand Final rehearse on the Saturday and Sunday.

Here, they watch the footage of the rehearsal just performed. At this point the Head of Delegation may make known any special requirements needed for the performance, and request them from the host broadcaster.

Following this meeting, the delegation hold a press conference where members of the accredited press may pose them questions. Before each of the semi-finals three dress rehearsals are held.

Two rehearsals are held the day before one in the afternoon and the other in the evening , while the third is held on the afternoon of the live event.

Since tickets to the live shows are often scarce, tickets are also sold so the public may attend these dress rehearsals.

The same applies for the final, with two rehearsals on the Friday and the third on Saturday afternoon before the live transmission of the grand final on Saturday evening.

This is usually held in a grand municipally owned location in the city centre. All delegations are invited, and the party is usually accompanied by live music, complimentary food and drink and—in recent years— fireworks.

After the semi-final and grand final there are after-show parties, held either in a facility in the venue complex or in another suitable location within the city.

A Euroclub is held every night of the week: During the week many delegations have traditionally hosted their own parties in addition to the officially sponsored ones.

However, in the new millennium the trend has been for the national delegations to centralise their activity and hold their celebrations in the Euroclub.

Numerous detailed rules must be observed by the participating nations, and a new version is produced each year, for instance the rules specify various deadlines, including the date by which all the participating broadcasters must submit the final recorded version of their song to the EBU.

The rules also cover sponsorship agreements and rights of broadcasters to re-transmit the show. The most notable rules which affect the format and presentation of the contest have changed over the years, and are highlighted here.

All vocals must be sung live; no voices are permitted on the backing tracks. The Croatian delegation stated that there were no human voices, but only digitally synthesised sounds which replicated vocals.

From until , the host country was required to provide a live orchestra. Before , all music had to be played by the host orchestra. From onwards, pre-recorded, non-vocal backing tracks were permitted—although the host country was still obliged to provide a live orchestra to give participants a choice.

If a backing track was used, then all the instruments heard on the track were required to be present on the stage. In this requirement was dropped.

In the requirement for a live orchestra was removed: Each submission must have vocals; purely instrumental music has never been allowed.

In the past, competitors have been required to sing in one of their own national languages, but this rule has been changed several times over the years.

From until , there was no rule restricting the languages in which the songs could be sung. The language restriction continued until , when performers were again allowed to sing in any language they wished.

In , the EBU decided to revert to the national language restriction. In the rule was changed again to allow the choice of language once more, which resulted in 12 out of 23 countries, including the United Kingdom, singing in English that year.

In the Dutch entry, " Amambanda ", was sung partly in English and partly in an artificial language. Since the language rule was abolished in , songs in English have become increasingly more common.

In all but three out of 36 semi-finalists had songs in English, with only two Bosnia and Herzegovina and Macedonia performing songs in their native languages, as Austria sent a song in French.

In the final, all but three out of 26 contestants had songs in English. The voting system used in the contest has changed over the years.

The current system has been in place since , and is a positional voting system. Each country awards two sets of 12, 10, 8—1 points to their 10 favourite songs: The experiment was a success, [41] and from onwards all countries were encouraged to use televoting wherever possible.

Back-up juries are still used by each country, in the event of a televoting failure. Nowadays members of the public may also vote by SMS, in addition to televoting.

In every case, every country cannot vote for its own song [62] From , the public may also vote via a mobile app. The current method for ranking entries, introduced in , is to sum together the points calculated from the telephone vote and the jury separately.

Since the voting has been presided over by the EBU scrutineer , who is responsible for ensuring that all points are allocated correctly and in turn.

According to one study of Eurovision voting patterns , certain countries tend to form "clusters" or "cliques" by frequently voting in the same way.

After the interval act is over, when all the points have been calculated, the presenter s of the show call upon each voting country in turn to invite them to announce the results of their vote.

Prior to the announcements were made over telephone lines ; with the audio being piped into the auditorium for the audience to hear, and over the television transmission.

However, since and including the announcements have been presented visually. Often the opportunity is taken by each country to show their spokesperson standing in front of a backdrop which includes a famous place in that country.

For example, the French spokesperson might be seen standing in front of the Eiffel Tower or an Italian presenter might be seen with the Colosseum in the background.

From to , the participating countries were called in reverse order of the presentation of their songs, and from to , they were called in the same order in which their songs had been presented except for In , the countries were called in alphabetical order according to their ISO codes.

Between and , like in , a separate draw was held to determine the order in which countries would present their votes. From to , each country sent two jurors, who were present at the contest venue though the juries in were locked away in the Great Hall of Edinburgh Castle and announced their votes as the camera was trained on them.

In one of the Swiss jurors made a great show of presenting his votes with flamboyant gestures. This system was retired the next year. In no public votes were presented: In [70] the EBU decided to save time during the broadcast—much of which had been taken up with the announcement of every single point—because there was an ever-increasing number of countries voting.

Since then, votes from 1 to 7 from each country have been displayed automatically on screen and the remaining points 8, 10 and 12 are read out in ascending order by the spokesperson, culminating with the maximum 12 points.

For this reason, the expression douze points when the host or spokesperson states the top score in French is popularly associated with the contest throughout the continent.

In addition, only the jury points are announced by country. The televoting results are announced in aggregate, from lowest-scoring country to highest.

After the winner has been announced, the televoting points from the country where the contest is watched from are briefly seen on screen. In , four of the sixteen countries taking part, France, Spain, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom, all tied for first place with 18 points each.

There was nothing in the rules to decide an outright winner, so all four were declared joint winners. This caused much discontent among most of the other participating countries, and mass walkouts were threatened.

Finland, Norway, Sweden and Portugal did not participate in the Contest as a protest against the results of the previous year. This prompted the EBU to introduce a tie-break rule.

Under the current rules, in the event of more than one country scoring the same total number of points, a count is made of the numbers of countries who awarded points to each of the tied countries, and the one who received points from the most countries is declared the winner.

If the numbers are still tied, it is counted how many sets of maximum points 12 points each country received. If there is still a tie, the numbers of point scores awarded are compared—and then the numbers of 8-point scores, all the way down the list.

In the extremely unlikely event of there then still being a tie for first place, the song performed earliest in the running order is declared the winner.

Since , the same tie-break rule now applies to ties for all places. As of , the only time since when two or more countries have tied for first place on total points alone was in , when France and Sweden both totalled points.

Both France and Sweden had received four sets of 12 points. However, because Sweden had received more sets of point scores, they were declared the winners.

Had the current rule been in play, France would have won instead. Each participating broadcaster is required to broadcast the show in its entirety: The Dutch state broadcaster pulled their broadcast of the final to provide emergency news coverage of a major incident, the Enschede fireworks disaster.

The Albanian performer had visible tattoos, and the Irish song featured a storyline showing vignettes of a homosexual couple.

The first edition ever of the Eurovision Song Contest in was broadcast live, but not recorded, so only a sound recording of the radio transmission has survived from the original broadcast.

In late , the EBU had begun archiving all the contests since the first edition in to be finalised before the Contest, for the 60th anniversary.

In , hosted in Paris only a month after the South Lebanon conflict , during the performance of the Israeli entry, the Jordanian broadcaster JRTV suspended the broadcast and showed pictures of flowers.

In , Lebanon intended to participate in the contest. The EBU informed them that such an act would breach the rules of the contest, and Lebanon was subsequently forced to withdraw from the competition.

Their late withdrawal incurred a fine, since they had already confirmed their participation and the deadline had passed. As of [update] , the albums were banned completely from sale.

However, the song text was banned by Eurovision as it was interpreted as criticism against Prime Minister of Russia Vladimir Putin after the Russo-Georgian War the previous year.

When asked to change the lyrics of the song, the Georgian broadcaster GPB withdrew from the contest. The number of countries participating has steadily grown over time, from seven in to over 20 in the late s.

In , twenty-five countries participated in the competition, including, for the first time, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia and Slovenia, entering independently due to the dissolution of Yugoslavia.

Because the contest is a live television programme, a reasonable time limit must be imposed on the duration of the show. In recent years the nominal limit has been three hours, with the broadcast occasionally over-running.

Several relegation or qualification systems have been tried to limit the number of countries participating in the contest at one time. Thus the Contest introduced two new features: Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, Estonia, Hungary, Romania, Slovenia and Slovakia took part in Kvalifikacija za Millstreet ; and the three former Yugoslav republics, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia and Slovenia, qualified for a place in the international final.

Relegation continued in and ; [91] but in a different pre-selection system was used, in which nearly all the countries participated.

Audio tapes of all the songs were sent to juries in each of the countries some weeks before the television show. These juries selected the songs which would be included in the international broadcast.

One country which failed to qualify in the pre-selection was Germany. As one of the largest financial contributors to the EBU, their non-participation in the contest brought about a funding issue, which the EBU would have to consider.

Since , France , Germany , Spain and United Kingdom have automatically qualified for the final, regardless of their positions on the scoreboard in previous contests, as they are the four biggest financial contributors to the EBU.

On 31 December , it was announced that Italy would compete in the Eurovision Song Contest after a fourteen-year absence and that it would also automatically qualify for the final, joining the other four qualifiers to become the "Big Five", considered by some to be a controversial decision.

Turkey withdrew from the Contest with the status of the "Big Five" being one of the reasons cited. The only country in the Big 5 since that has never finished last in the finals is Italy.

Some measures have been taken by the EU to give the Big 5 contestants a similar status to those competing at the semi-finals, such as broadcasting their acts in the semi-final interval.

From to , countries qualified for each contest based on the average of their points totals for their entries over the previous five years.

This led the EBU to create what was hoped would be a more permanent solution to the problem. A qualification round, known as the semi-final, was introduced for the Contest.

The highest-placed songs from the semi-final qualified for the grand final, while the lower-placed songs were eliminated. From to , the semi-final programme was held on the Thursday of Eurovision Week.

At the 50th annual meeting of the EBU reference group in September , it was decided that, with still more nations entering, starting from the contest onwards two semi-finals would be held, [] from each of which one could qualify for the final.

The only countries which automatically qualify for the grand final are the host country and the Big Five: In each of the semi-finals the voting is conducted among those countries which participate in that semi-final.

With regard to the automatic grand final qualifiers, who do not participate in the semi-finals, a draw is conducted to determine in which semi-final each of them will be allowed to vote.

In contrast, every participating country in a particular year may vote in the Saturday grand final — whether their song qualified for the final or not.

The ten countries which receive the most votes in each semi-final qualify for the grand final. They are announced by the presenters in English and French, in a random order.

As of [update] , Ireland holds the record for the highest number of wins, having won the contest seven times.

Sweden is second with six wins. France , Luxembourg and the United Kingdom are joint third with five wins each. The Netherlands and Israel both hold four victories.

Denmark and Norway have both won thrice, six countries have won twice, 12 countries have won once, and 24 countries have participated but never won.

The United Kingdom holds the record for the highest number of runner-up placings, coming in second on no less than 15 occasions as of [update].

Germany, Russia, France, Spain and Ireland have four runner-up entries. Norway holds the record for finishing in last place in the final the most times: The early years of the contest saw many wins for "traditional" Eurovision countries: France, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg.

However, the success of these countries has declined in recent decades; the Netherlands last won in ; France, in ; and Luxembourg, in Luxembourg last entered the contest in The first years of the 21st century produced numerous first-time winners, from both "new" and long-serving countries who had previously entered numerous times but without victories.

PBC would go through the technical requirements for the contest, as well as any training required for the contest to take place in Ukraine.

Romanova also announced that the venue for the contest would be announced over the summer. PBC and the Ukrainian Government formally launched the bidding process for interested cities to apply to host the contest on 23 June.

The following criteria were outlined for the selection of the host city: Six cities submitted applications by the deadline of 8 July: The six candidate cities were officially presented to the LOC on 20 July in a two-hour live discussion show titled City Battle , broadcast from the UA: Pershyi studios in Kiev and moderated by Timur Miroshnychenko , with radio commentary from Olena Zelinchenko.

The show was broadcast on UA: Pershyi, Radio Ukraine and the UA: Pershyi YouTube channel with commentary in English and Ukrainian.

During the show, a representative from each candidate city presented its bid in front of a live studio audience: Members of the LOC, media representatives, Ukrainian musical experts and fans also participated in the discussion.

The EBU announced on 30 July that the host city would be announced "in due course", rather than on the previously stated date of 1 August, with Executive Supervisor of the contest Jon Ola Sand stating that the EBU "really want to take the time it takes to come up with the right decision".

After several delays in announcing the host city, UA: PBC announced on 8 September that they would be meeting with the Ukrainian Government and the LOC on 9 September and that a press conference to announce the host city was scheduled to take place at Kiev was announced as the host city for the contest with the International Exhibition Centre selected as the venue.

The preliminary dates for the contest were announced on 14 March at a meeting of Heads of Delegation in Stockholm, with the semi-finals expected to take place on 16 and 18 May and the final on 20 May These preliminary dates were chosen by the EBU to avoid the contest coinciding with any major television and sporting events scheduled to take place around that time.

However, the EBU announced on 24 June that the preliminary dates for the contest had been brought forward a week, with the semi-finals scheduled for 9 and 11 May and the final on 13 May.

The draw to determine the allocation of the participating countries into their respective semi-finals took place at Column Hall on 31 January , hosted by Timur Miroshnychenko and Nika Konstantinova.

Drawing from different pots helps to reduce the chance of so-called "bloc voting" and increase suspense in the semi-finals. The theme for the contest, Celebrate Diversity , was unveiled on 30 January.

It was announced on 27 February that the presenters for the contest would be Oleksandr Skichko and Volodymyr Ostapchuk , with Timur Miroshnychenko hosting the green room.

Miroshnychenko has previously co-hosted the Junior Eurovision Song Contest in and It was announced on 30 April that the creative teams from both the Eurovision network and Twitter had worked together to create three emoji that would accompany specific promotional hashtags for the duration of the contest.

The final emoji is the logo for the contest, which would appear alongside the hashtag CelebrateDiversity , the theme for the contest.

The EBU released details regarding the opening and interval acts for each of the live shows on 20 April.

In the final, Jamala again performed with her latest single " I Believe in U ". The European Broadcasting Union announced on 31 October that forty-three countries would participate in the contest, equalling the record set in and This subsequently reduced the number of participating countries to forty-two.

The contest featured five representatives who also previously performed as lead vocalists for the same countries.

Valentina Monetta , who performed in a duet this time, represented San Marino in three consecutive editions: Omar Naber represented Slovenia in , finishing 12th in the semi-final with the song " Stop ".

Eighteen countries participated in the first semi-final. Italy , Spain and United Kingdom voted in this semi-final.

Eighteen countries participated in the second semi-final. France , Germany and Ukraine voted in this semi-final. Twenty-six countries participated in the final, with all 42 participating countries eligible to vote.

Countries in bold gave the maximum 24 points 12 points apiece from professional jury and televoting to the specified entrant.

Eligibility for potential participation in the Eurovision Song Contest requires a national broadcaster with active EBU membership that would be able to broadcast the contest via the Eurovision network.

It was reported by the EBU that the contest was viewed by a worldwide television audience of approximately million viewers, [91] which was 22 million less than the record which was viewed by million.

Most countries sent commentators to Kiev or commentated from their own country, in order to add insight to the participants and, if necessary, the provision of voting information.

In December Grytsak was appointed as a new head of the organizing committee. In February , 21 team members resigned claiming that the new appointment effectively stopped the work for two months.

France 2 announced on 9 February that they would participate at the contest with the song " Requiem ", performed by Alma.

However, Samoylova was issued a three-year travel ban on entering Ukraine by the Security Service of Ukraine SBU on 22 March, [] by virtue of illegally travelling directly from Russia to Crimea , a region that was annexed by Russia in , in to give a performance.

The EBU responded by stating its commitment to ensuring that all participating countries would be able to perform in Kiev, while expressing their disappointment at the lack of compromise from C1R and UA: By announcing their artist just before the deadline for entry submission to the contest and not booking a hotel, it was speculated that C1R had not intended to go due to audiences booing Russian artists in previous contests.

As part of the Russian Victory Day celebrations on 9 May, Samoylova gave another performance in Crimea, including the song which was intended to represent Russia at the contest.

The EBU informed the IPBC executive board on 7 April that such a compromise would render them unable to remain a member without an outlet for news and current events programming.

However, on 9 and 10 May the IBA unexpectedly closed down most of their operations in news and current affair programs. During the voting portion of the live telecast of the final Ofer Nachshon, Israeli voting spokesperson since , bid farewell on behalf of the IBA before revealing their jury points.

They went on to win the contest the next year. However, the High Court of Justice issued a temporary injunction, blocking the split.

Norsk rikskringkasting NRK had discussions with the EBU regarding the abolition of the rule prohibiting pre-recorded vocals during live performances at the contest.

Such a rule is intended to guarantee the authenticity of live performances. However, such a deduction never occurred. JOWST stated that "[the Norwegian delegation] have now been allowed to use the recorded vocal tracks, [ But [they] have also practiced a plan B with the backing vocalists, if there are big protests from others in Kiev.

NRK stated on 2 May that JOWST are aiming to perform the song acoustically as a back-up, bringing with them two additional backing vocalists who will perform the pre-recorded vocals live using a filter applied by the sound engineering team so as not to compromise on sound quality.

They try the same formula year after year. The Irish Independent reported on 8 May that Sundnes had been replaced due to an alleged breach in jury rules.

Sundnes stated in an interview with Verdens Gang on 9 May: It was not really surprising. The same thing happened in Sweden last year with the Swedish professional jury.

NRK admits that they made a mistake by letting Sundnes sit in both the professional jury and the judging panel of Adresse Kiev.

However, when they were informed by the EBU that this was against the rules, they rectified the situation quickly. Therefore, we took a new assessment.

It was later revealed that the Estonian delegation considered appealing to the EBU to allow Laura and Koit Toome to perform their entry " Verona " again as a result of the error, but later decided against it.

Mart Normet, the Head of Delegation for Estonia, explained "If there has been such a powerful performance for three minutes and given an absolute maximum, then this energy again does not come back when you go on stage again".

The EBU responded to the situation, reportedly describing the error as purely technical, as the microphone was supposed to automatically come on.

Instead, a sound technician was forced to respond by manually switching on the microphone via the sound desk. There is so much bureaucratic stuff happening in the refugee camps in Greece, Turkey and Italy and we should help create legal and safe pathways from these countries to their destiny countries", he added, earning a round of applause.

A performance by Jamala during the voting interval of the final was disrupted by a man draped in an Australian flag who invaded the stage and briefly mooned the audience before being removed by security.

He was quickly removed from the stage by security and out of the arena. He is currently being held and questioned by the police at the venue police office.

After getting his trophy, Salvador Sobral began a speech talking the quality of music and stated "We live in a world of disposable music — fast-food music without any content," and "I think this could be a victory for music that actually means something.

Music is not fireworks. Music is feeling", prompting angry reactions from across Europe, including Swedish contestant, Robin Bengtsson.

The winners were revealed shortly before the final on 13 May. The Barbara Dex Award is a fan award originally awarded by House of Eurovision from to , and since by songfestival.

This is a humorous award given to the worst dressed artist each year in the contest, and was named after the Belgian artist, Barbara Dex , who came last in the , in which she wore her own self designed dress.

This was the first year that songfestival. Kyiv is the official compilation album of the contest, put together by the European Broadcasting Union and was released by Universal Music Group digitally on 21 April and physically on 28 April From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

The 26 participants of the Eurovision Song Contest were introduced in the traditional flag ceremony. Further information on the host country: Borys Filatov City Mayor Kharkiv: Volodymyr Mykolaienko City Mayor Kiev: Pavlo Vugelman Deputy City Mayor.

Participating countries in the first semi-final. Pre-qualified for the final but also voting in the first semi-final.

Participating countries in the second semi-final. Pre-qualified for the final but also voting in the second semi-final. List of countries in the Eurovision Song Contest.

Russia—Ukraine relations in the Eurovision Song Contest. The song also contains onomatopoeias commonly used by Romani singers but with no meaning in Romani.

Francesco Gabbani hot favorite to win Eurovision; 50 million views and counting! Retrieved 26 May Retrieved 9 September Archived from the original on 21 May Retrieved 18 May Retrieved 19 May Retrieved 25 June Retrieved 4 July Retrieved 8 July Retrieved 5 July Irpin shows interest in bidding for Eurovision ".

Retrieved 6 July Six potential host cities take part in live televised special". Retrieved 20 July Retrieved 22 August A city in the spotlight".

Host city deliberation expected by 24 August". Retrieved 15 August Retrieved 26 August Retrieved 8 September Днепр готов инвестировать полмиллиарда гривен в подготовку города к "Евровидению — " " [Filatov: Dnieper is ready to invest half a billion hryvnia in the preparation of the city for "Eurovision - "] in Russian.

Ukrainian Independent Information Agency. Retrieved 15 July Kharkiv Reveals Planned Venue". Retrieved 22 July Kiev City State Administration.

Retrieved 21 July Retrieved 25 August Retrieved 14 July Heads of Delegation meet in Stockholm". Retrieved 15 March Ukraine broadcaster NTU proposes new dates".

Retrieved 26 June Preliminary dates moved because of Remembrance Day". Retrieved 25 January Retrieved 7 February Retrieved 30 January Meet the hosts of Eurovision ".

Retrieved 27 February Retrieved 22 October Retrieved 30 September The hotel and press facilities in the vicinity are always a consideration when choosing a host city and venue.

After the first two contests were hosted by Switzerland and Germany, it was decided that henceforth the winning country would host the contest the next year.

In all but five of the years since this rule has been in place, the winning country has hosted the show the following year.

With the invitation of Australia to participate since , it was announced that due to the logistical and financial issues that would occur if Australia were to host, [42] in the event of an Australian victory, the broadcaster SBS will co-host the next contest in a European city in collaboration with an EBU Member Broadcaster of their choice.

The former generic logo was introduced for the Eurovision Song Contest in Turkey, to create a consistent visual identity. Each year of the contest, the host country creates a sub-theme which is usually accompanied and expressed with a sub-logo and slogan.

The generic logo was revamped in , ten years after the first generic logo was created. The revamped logo was conducted by lead designer Cornelis Jacobs and his team of Cityzen Agency.

Since the contest, slogans have been introduced in the show being the only exception. The slogan is decided by the host broadcaster and is then used to develop a visual design for the contest.

The term "Eurovision Week" is used to refer to the week during which the Contest takes place. In addition to rehearsals in their home countries, every participant is given the opportunity to rehearse on the stage in the Eurovision auditorium.

These rehearsals are held during the course of several days before the Saturday show, and consequently the delegations arrive in the host city many days before the event.

Journalists and fans are also present during the preceding days, and so the events of Eurovision last a lot longer than a few hours of television. Also present if desired is a commentator: The commentators are given dedicated commentary booths situated around the back of the arena behind the audience.

Since , the first rehearsals have commenced on the Sunday almost two weeks before the Grand Final. There are two rehearsal periods for each country.

The countries taking part in the semi-finals have their first rehearsal over four days from the first Sunday to Wednesday. The second is from Thursday to Sunday.

The countries which have already directly qualified for the Grand Final rehearse on the Saturday and Sunday.

Here, they watch the footage of the rehearsal just performed. At this point the Head of Delegation may make known any special requirements needed for the performance, and request them from the host broadcaster.

Following this meeting, the delegation hold a press conference where members of the accredited press may pose them questions.

Before each of the semi-finals three dress rehearsals are held. Two rehearsals are held the day before one in the afternoon and the other in the evening , while the third is held on the afternoon of the live event.

Since tickets to the live shows are often scarce, tickets are also sold so the public may attend these dress rehearsals.

The same applies for the final, with two rehearsals on the Friday and the third on Saturday afternoon before the live transmission of the grand final on Saturday evening.

This is usually held in a grand municipally owned location in the city centre. All delegations are invited, and the party is usually accompanied by live music, complimentary food and drink and—in recent years— fireworks.

After the semi-final and grand final there are after-show parties, held either in a facility in the venue complex or in another suitable location within the city.

A Euroclub is held every night of the week: During the week many delegations have traditionally hosted their own parties in addition to the officially sponsored ones.

However, in the new millennium the trend has been for the national delegations to centralise their activity and hold their celebrations in the Euroclub.

Numerous detailed rules must be observed by the participating nations, and a new version is produced each year, for instance the rules specify various deadlines, including the date by which all the participating broadcasters must submit the final recorded version of their song to the EBU.

The rules also cover sponsorship agreements and rights of broadcasters to re-transmit the show. The most notable rules which affect the format and presentation of the contest have changed over the years, and are highlighted here.

All vocals must be sung live; no voices are permitted on the backing tracks. The Croatian delegation stated that there were no human voices, but only digitally synthesised sounds which replicated vocals.

From until , the host country was required to provide a live orchestra. Before , all music had to be played by the host orchestra.

From onwards, pre-recorded, non-vocal backing tracks were permitted—although the host country was still obliged to provide a live orchestra to give participants a choice.

If a backing track was used, then all the instruments heard on the track were required to be present on the stage.

In this requirement was dropped. In the requirement for a live orchestra was removed: Each submission must have vocals; purely instrumental music has never been allowed.

In the past, competitors have been required to sing in one of their own national languages, but this rule has been changed several times over the years.

From until , there was no rule restricting the languages in which the songs could be sung. The language restriction continued until , when performers were again allowed to sing in any language they wished.

In , the EBU decided to revert to the national language restriction. In the rule was changed again to allow the choice of language once more, which resulted in 12 out of 23 countries, including the United Kingdom, singing in English that year.

In the Dutch entry, " Amambanda ", was sung partly in English and partly in an artificial language. Since the language rule was abolished in , songs in English have become increasingly more common.

In all but three out of 36 semi-finalists had songs in English, with only two Bosnia and Herzegovina and Macedonia performing songs in their native languages, as Austria sent a song in French.

In the final, all but three out of 26 contestants had songs in English. The voting system used in the contest has changed over the years.

The current system has been in place since , and is a positional voting system. Each country awards two sets of 12, 10, 8—1 points to their 10 favourite songs: The experiment was a success, [41] and from onwards all countries were encouraged to use televoting wherever possible.

Back-up juries are still used by each country, in the event of a televoting failure. Nowadays members of the public may also vote by SMS, in addition to televoting.

In every case, every country cannot vote for its own song [62] From , the public may also vote via a mobile app. The current method for ranking entries, introduced in , is to sum together the points calculated from the telephone vote and the jury separately.

Since the voting has been presided over by the EBU scrutineer , who is responsible for ensuring that all points are allocated correctly and in turn.

According to one study of Eurovision voting patterns , certain countries tend to form "clusters" or "cliques" by frequently voting in the same way.

After the interval act is over, when all the points have been calculated, the presenter s of the show call upon each voting country in turn to invite them to announce the results of their vote.

Prior to the announcements were made over telephone lines ; with the audio being piped into the auditorium for the audience to hear, and over the television transmission.

However, since and including the announcements have been presented visually. Often the opportunity is taken by each country to show their spokesperson standing in front of a backdrop which includes a famous place in that country.

For example, the French spokesperson might be seen standing in front of the Eiffel Tower or an Italian presenter might be seen with the Colosseum in the background.

From to , the participating countries were called in reverse order of the presentation of their songs, and from to , they were called in the same order in which their songs had been presented except for In , the countries were called in alphabetical order according to their ISO codes.

Between and , like in , a separate draw was held to determine the order in which countries would present their votes. From to , each country sent two jurors, who were present at the contest venue though the juries in were locked away in the Great Hall of Edinburgh Castle and announced their votes as the camera was trained on them.

In one of the Swiss jurors made a great show of presenting his votes with flamboyant gestures. This system was retired the next year.

In no public votes were presented: In [70] the EBU decided to save time during the broadcast—much of which had been taken up with the announcement of every single point—because there was an ever-increasing number of countries voting.

Since then, votes from 1 to 7 from each country have been displayed automatically on screen and the remaining points 8, 10 and 12 are read out in ascending order by the spokesperson, culminating with the maximum 12 points.

For this reason, the expression douze points when the host or spokesperson states the top score in French is popularly associated with the contest throughout the continent.

In addition, only the jury points are announced by country. The televoting results are announced in aggregate, from lowest-scoring country to highest.

After the winner has been announced, the televoting points from the country where the contest is watched from are briefly seen on screen.

In , four of the sixteen countries taking part, France, Spain, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom, all tied for first place with 18 points each.

There was nothing in the rules to decide an outright winner, so all four were declared joint winners. This caused much discontent among most of the other participating countries, and mass walkouts were threatened.

Finland, Norway, Sweden and Portugal did not participate in the Contest as a protest against the results of the previous year. This prompted the EBU to introduce a tie-break rule.

Under the current rules, in the event of more than one country scoring the same total number of points, a count is made of the numbers of countries who awarded points to each of the tied countries, and the one who received points from the most countries is declared the winner.

If the numbers are still tied, it is counted how many sets of maximum points 12 points each country received. If there is still a tie, the numbers of point scores awarded are compared—and then the numbers of 8-point scores, all the way down the list.

In the extremely unlikely event of there then still being a tie for first place, the song performed earliest in the running order is declared the winner.

Since , the same tie-break rule now applies to ties for all places. As of , the only time since when two or more countries have tied for first place on total points alone was in , when France and Sweden both totalled points.

Both France and Sweden had received four sets of 12 points. However, because Sweden had received more sets of point scores, they were declared the winners.

Had the current rule been in play, France would have won instead. Each participating broadcaster is required to broadcast the show in its entirety: The Dutch state broadcaster pulled their broadcast of the final to provide emergency news coverage of a major incident, the Enschede fireworks disaster.

The Albanian performer had visible tattoos, and the Irish song featured a storyline showing vignettes of a homosexual couple. The first edition ever of the Eurovision Song Contest in was broadcast live, but not recorded, so only a sound recording of the radio transmission has survived from the original broadcast.

In late , the EBU had begun archiving all the contests since the first edition in to be finalised before the Contest, for the 60th anniversary.

In , hosted in Paris only a month after the South Lebanon conflict , during the performance of the Israeli entry, the Jordanian broadcaster JRTV suspended the broadcast and showed pictures of flowers.

In , Lebanon intended to participate in the contest. The EBU informed them that such an act would breach the rules of the contest, and Lebanon was subsequently forced to withdraw from the competition.

Their late withdrawal incurred a fine, since they had already confirmed their participation and the deadline had passed. As of [update] , the albums were banned completely from sale.

However, the song text was banned by Eurovision as it was interpreted as criticism against Prime Minister of Russia Vladimir Putin after the Russo-Georgian War the previous year.

When asked to change the lyrics of the song, the Georgian broadcaster GPB withdrew from the contest. The number of countries participating has steadily grown over time, from seven in to over 20 in the late s.

In , twenty-five countries participated in the competition, including, for the first time, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia and Slovenia, entering independently due to the dissolution of Yugoslavia.

Because the contest is a live television programme, a reasonable time limit must be imposed on the duration of the show.

In recent years the nominal limit has been three hours, with the broadcast occasionally over-running. Several relegation or qualification systems have been tried to limit the number of countries participating in the contest at one time.

Thus the Contest introduced two new features: Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, Estonia, Hungary, Romania, Slovenia and Slovakia took part in Kvalifikacija za Millstreet ; and the three former Yugoslav republics, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia and Slovenia, qualified for a place in the international final.

Relegation continued in and ; [91] but in a different pre-selection system was used, in which nearly all the countries participated.

Audio tapes of all the songs were sent to juries in each of the countries some weeks before the television show. These juries selected the songs which would be included in the international broadcast.

One country which failed to qualify in the pre-selection was Germany. As one of the largest financial contributors to the EBU, their non-participation in the contest brought about a funding issue, which the EBU would have to consider.

Since , France , Germany , Spain and United Kingdom have automatically qualified for the final, regardless of their positions on the scoreboard in previous contests, as they are the four biggest financial contributors to the EBU.

On 31 December , it was announced that Italy would compete in the Eurovision Song Contest after a fourteen-year absence and that it would also automatically qualify for the final, joining the other four qualifiers to become the "Big Five", considered by some to be a controversial decision.

Turkey withdrew from the Contest with the status of the "Big Five" being one of the reasons cited. The only country in the Big 5 since that has never finished last in the finals is Italy.

Some measures have been taken by the EU to give the Big 5 contestants a similar status to those competing at the semi-finals, such as broadcasting their acts in the semi-final interval.

From to , countries qualified for each contest based on the average of their points totals for their entries over the previous five years.

This led the EBU to create what was hoped would be a more permanent solution to the problem. A qualification round, known as the semi-final, was introduced for the Contest.

The highest-placed songs from the semi-final qualified for the grand final, while the lower-placed songs were eliminated.

From to , the semi-final programme was held on the Thursday of Eurovision Week. At the 50th annual meeting of the EBU reference group in September , it was decided that, with still more nations entering, starting from the contest onwards two semi-finals would be held, [] from each of which one could qualify for the final.

The only countries which automatically qualify for the grand final are the host country and the Big Five: In each of the semi-finals the voting is conducted among those countries which participate in that semi-final.

With regard to the automatic grand final qualifiers, who do not participate in the semi-finals, a draw is conducted to determine in which semi-final each of them will be allowed to vote.

In contrast, every participating country in a particular year may vote in the Saturday grand final — whether their song qualified for the final or not.

The ten countries which receive the most votes in each semi-final qualify for the grand final. They are announced by the presenters in English and French, in a random order.

As of [update] , Ireland holds the record for the highest number of wins, having won the contest seven times. Sweden is second with six wins. France , Luxembourg and the United Kingdom are joint third with five wins each.

The Netherlands and Israel both hold four victories. Denmark and Norway have both won thrice, six countries have won twice, 12 countries have won once, and 24 countries have participated but never won.

The United Kingdom holds the record for the highest number of runner-up placings, coming in second on no less than 15 occasions as of [update].

Germany, Russia, France, Spain and Ireland have four runner-up entries. Norway holds the record for finishing in last place in the final the most times: The early years of the contest saw many wins for "traditional" Eurovision countries: France, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg.

However, the success of these countries has declined in recent decades; the Netherlands last won in ; France, in ; and Luxembourg, in Luxembourg last entered the contest in The first years of the 21st century produced numerous first-time winners, from both "new" and long-serving countries who had previously entered numerous times but without victories.

Every year from to inclusive, a country won for its first time. Estonia was the first post-Soviet country to win the competition in In , Turkey won for the first time.

In , Greece won for the first time, 15 years after the last Southern European country won, i. Italy in ; overall the South of Europe won the competition only six times seven if Serbia is included.

Ukraine , on the other hand, did not have to wait so long, winning with only their second entry in The contest was won by Russia in Serbia won the very first year it entered as an independent state, in , with the Serbian-language ballad " Molitva ".

Cyprus now holds this record, with 35 years without a win, achieving their highest score, Second, in , and Malta is the most successful country without a win, achieving two-second places and two third places.

In , Norway won the contest with points — Alexander Rybak held the winning title with his song " Fairytale ". His outstanding performance meant he had the highest total in the history of the competition, becoming the first competitor to score or more points, including 16 maximum scores.

This feat was emulated in , when Sweden won with points, but with a new record of 18 maximum scores. Russia placed second with points, becoming the first country to score more than points without winning.

In , the scoring system was changed, which meant that it was much easier to achieve over points — in fact, the winner — Jamala of Ukraine , achieved points, and all of top 9 scored or more points, and 25 of the 26 positions got their highest points ever.

However, had Portugal won under the previous voting system, it would still have had the highest total ever, with points, becoming the first competitor to score or more points, and would have set a new record of 20 maximum scores, beating Norway and Sweden, respectively.

In , Ukraine did not win either the jury vote or the televote, but won the contest with the highest combined vote. The televote was won by Russia and the jury vote by Australia.

In , eventual winner Israel won the televote but only came in third with the jury vote won by Austria. There have been a number of Eurovision artists and groups whose careers were directly launched into the spotlight following their win.

Several other winners were well-known artists who won the contest mid-career after they had already established themselves, including Katrina and the Waves , winners in with " Love Shine a Light ", [] Lulu , winner in with " Boom Bang-a-Bang ", and Sandie Shaw , winner in with " Puppet on a String ".

Women have dominated the contest since its inception, either performing solo or as a member of a group on 50 of the 67 winning entries as of [update].

The most recent winner of the contest is Netta Barzilai who won the contest for Israel. The event, entitled Songs of Europe , took place in Mysen , Norway, featuring nearly all the winners of the contest, from to It was hosted by Rolf Kirkvaag and Titten Tei.

In , the EBU had agreed with the Danish broadcaster, DR , to produce a programme to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the contest. The show, entitled Congratulations: A telephone vote was held to determine the most popular Eurovision song of all-time, which was won by the ABBA song " Waterloo " winner for Sweden in The event was hosted by the British commentator for Eurovision, Graham Norton , and the host of the and Contest , Petra Mede.

The contest has been the subject of criticism regarding both its musical and political content. Most recently in and , Russia was heavily booed when it qualified for the final and received high points.

Because the songs play to such a diverse supranational audience with contrasting musical tastes, and countries want to be able to appeal to as many people as possible to gain votes, this has led to the music of the contest being characterised as a "mishmash of power ballads , ethnic rhythms and bubblegum pop ".

A recent study in [] presents a new methodological approach which allows an analysis of the whole time-line of the contest from to to investigate collusion and the cluster blocks which have been changing.

It allows the analysis to find collusive associations over periods where the voting scheme is non-homogeneous in the time window chosen, and the results show a changing pattern in the collusive tendencies previously discussed.

The current research into the analysis of the voting patterns has been used in notable sources, such as the Economist, for investigating whether over year periods such collusion is increasing or decreasing.

We [the United Kingdom] are on our own. We had a very good song, a very good singer, we came joint last. Another influential factor is the high proportion of expatriates and ethnic minorities living in certain countries.

Thus voters in countries with larger populations have less power as individuals to influence the result of the contest than those voting in smaller countries.

For example, San Marino holds the same voting power as Russia despite the vast geographic and population differences between them.

To try to reduce the effect of voting blocs, national juries were re-introduced alongside televoting in the final in Although many of them used to give their 12 points to the same country each year, like Cyprus and Greece, it has been noticed that factors such as the sets of other high votes received 7, 8 or 10 points and the number of countries giving points to a specific entry, also highly affect the final positions.

Result of such a study are presented in,.

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